The Journal for politics, economics, and culture of the Middle East published by the German Orient-Institute





ORIENT II 2015: Political developments in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia

Frédéric Volpi
The Arab Uprisings and the political trajectories of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia

Alexander Peter Martin
Agents of change: Civil society in post-revolutionary Tunisia

Francesco Cavatorta and Marie-Eve Desrosiers
State-society relations in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia

Abdeslam Maghraoui
The stabilising effect of turbulence in authoritarian regimes
How the Moroccan monarchy ducked the Arab Spring

Michael Bauer
Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco: Precarious stabilisation under different circumstances

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ORIENT I 2015: Turkish foreign policy – Iraq, Syria and the Kurds in the region

Dr. Philip Robins
Turkey’s foreign policy in the Middle East: Swimming out of its depth?

Prof. Dr. Raymond Hinnebusch
Back to enmity: Turkey-Syria relations since the Syrian Uprising

Dr. Özlem Tür
Turkey and the Syrian crisis: Deepening regional and domestic challenges

Dr. Hasan Kösebalaban
Turkey in the Middle East: Ideals and realities

Prof. Dr. Gökhan Bacik
How the Arab Spring transformed Turkey’s Kurdish Issue

Salih Dogan and Mustafa Demir
Turkey’s policy in Iraq and its effect on the struggle with the PKK

Bill Park
Turkey’s dual relationship with Iraq
Ankara, Baghdad and Erbil

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ORIENT IV 2014: Iraq

Dr. Reidar Visser
Shiite Politics in Iraqi Government Formation, 2006-2014

Dr. Christoph Günther
Obey the emerging caliphate: The ideological framework of the “Islamic State” in Iraq and the Levant

PD Dr. habil Gülistan Gürbey
The effects of the Islamist advance in Iraq on the Kurds

Ali Fathollah-Nejad
Iran’s Policy towards Post-Saddam Iraq

Dr. Achim Rohde
Ruining a Country: The Politics of Ethno-Sectarian Divisions in Iraq

Professor Dr. Ferhad Ibrahim Seyder
The IS War in Kurdistan

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ORIENT III 2014: Afghanistan

Meena Singh Roy and Dr. Christian Wagner
Political Transition in Afghanistan: Imperatives for India and Pakistan

Dr. Katja Mielke
What inhibits and enables Afghans’ social mobility? On the limits of community organization and mobilization in Afghanistan

Dr. Stefan Oswald and Dr. Babak Khalatbari
Presidential Elections 2014 – A Game Changer for Afghanistan’s Development Perspectives?

Philipp Münch and Thomas Ruttig
Between Negotiations and Ongoing Resistance: The Situation of the Afghan Insurgency

Adrienne Woltersdorf
Die afghanische Zivilgesellschaft und die Gewerkschaften

Dr. Farhan Mujahid Chak
Islam, the West and ‘Man’ in the State of Nature

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ORIENT II 2014: Iran

Professor Dr. Roswitha Badry
Reflections of an Outsider on the Current Situation of pro-Women’s Rights Activism in Iran

Dr. Nadia von Maltzahn
One Side of the Coin: The Official Sphere of Syrian-Iranian Cultural Relations

Sasan Aghlani
A House Built on Sand: Rouhani’s Approach to the Nuclear Issue from a Critical Perspective

Dr. Wahied Wahdat-Hagh
Limits of religious freedom in Iran: persecution of Baha’i

Dr. Bianca Devos
Iran’s Cultural Policy under the Pahlavis, 1925-1979

Dr. Mostafa Dolatyar
Rouhani’s Administration: a chance for the West to change its foreign policy paradigm

Dr. Bernd Kaussler
Giving Diplomacy a Chance: US-Iranian Relations and the Joint Plan of Action

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ORIENT I 2014: Turkey

Professor Hamit Bozarslan
The Kurdish issue in Turkey of 2010’s

Dr. Yasar Aydin
Reflections on the Gezi Park Protests in Turkey – Socio-Political Factors and Subjective Motives

Dr. Güneş Murat Tezcür
Three Dynamics of Democratization in Turkey: The EU, Elite Rivalries, and Contentious Mobilization

PD Dr. habil. Gülistan Gürbey
Zwischen autoritärer Staatsführung und begrenzter Demokratisierung: Erdogan’s „Demokratisierungspaket“

Dr. Tim Jacoby
Turkey’s Ergenekon Inquiry: Democratisation or Witch-Hunt?

Professor Umut Özkırımlı
Gezi and the Kurds in Turkey: Some Reflections on the Future of the peace process

Dr. Kubilay Yado Arin
Turkey’s EU Accession Bid, her Path to Democracy?

Dr. Carter Vaughn Findley
Reflections on Modern Turkish History

Ludwig Schulz and Benedikt van den Woldenberg
Adapting to a World in Change: Lessons to JDP Foreign Policy from the ‘Arab Uprisings’

Dietmar Nietan, Member of the German Bundestag
Germany, the EU and Turkey: Together, there is much more to achieve!

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ORIENT IV 2013: Iran

Professor Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Dr. Luciano Zaccara
Reflections on Iran’s 2013 Presidential Elections

Dr. Rouzbeh Parsi
Edging towards equilibrium – The presidency of Hassan Rouhani

Professor Dr. David Menashri
Hassan Rouhani: Iran’s New Hope for Change

Dr. Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
What is power in Iran? The shifting foundations of the Velayat-e faqih

Saleh Zamani
New Iran by the Moderates: An analysis on sociopolitical forces and government

Dr. Liora Hendelman-Baavur
“The Mirror has Two Faces”: The Islamic Republic’s Dual Policy toward the Internet

Dr. Sanam Vakil
The Iranian Women’s Movement: Agency and Activism through History

Arastu Salehi
Rethinking Iran’s Nuclear Ambitions

Alexander Niedermeier
Between Cyber War and Arab Spring: How Iran’s Military and Security Forces Confront Current Threats and Challenges

David Ramin Jalilvand
Recent developments and challenges in Iranian oil and gas sector

Professor Dr. Fred H. Lawson
Regional Impact of the Third Phase of Syria’s Civil War

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ORIENT III 2013: Transformation Processes in the Arab world

Professor Madawi Al-Rasheed
Saudi Arabia: Women in an authoritarian state

Dr. Youcef Bouandel and Dr. Larbi Sadiki
The ‘Arab Spring’ in the Maghreb: Lessons and Prospects

Professor Dr. Rachid Ouaissa
The Islamist parties in power: The Algerian experience

Dr. Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone
Tunisian Salafism between institutional politics, dawa and jihadism

Dr. Richard Gauvain
Egyptian Salafism as a Problematic for Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies

Dr. Larbi Sadiki
Beyond Foundationalism: Democracy & Political Islam

Dr. Michael Rohschürmann
Fighting and martyrdom in Islamic tradition and its use by modern jihadist groups

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ORIENT II 2013: Israel & Palestine

Professor Ilan Pappé
The Jewish Settlements in the West Bank: Occupation and Ethnic Cleansing by Other Means

Professor Gerald M. Steinberg
Netanyahu’s Foreign Policy: Between History, Geography, and International Anarchy

Professor Gabriel Piterberg
The Zionist Settlement in Palestine as Settler Colonialism: The Formative Impact of the German Project in the Ostmark

Alexander Rüsche
Business as usual, Bloodshed or Boycott? The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in the Post Peace Process Era

Dr. Adham Saouli
Hizbullah, Hamas, and the Arab Uprisings: Structures, Threats, and Opportunities

Dr. Yair Wallach
Zionism – Past or Present? The “Jewish State” in Zionist thought

Dr. Samir A. Awad
Politics in Palestine

Dr. James R. Vaughan
‘An ill keeper of promise’? Britain, Israel and the shadow of Palestine

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ORIENT I 2013: Egypt

Roger Hardy
Egypt, the West, and the Arab Spring

Dr. Tarek H. Selim
A Value Proposition for Egypt: An Emerging Nation Competitiveness Strategy and Post-Revolution Economic Challenges

Dr. Roel Meijer
The Majority Strategy of the Muslim Brotherhood

Dr. David Faris
Digital Media and Identity in the Middle East: Challenges and Opportunities

Jannis Julien Grimm
Morsi’s Foreign Policy Dilemma: Economic Imperatives and the Politics of Legitimation

Dr. John Calvert
The Historical Contingency of Islamist Discourse in Egypt: Sayyid Qutb and the Muslim Brotherhood

Dr. Mariz Tadros
A Dictatorship with an Islamic Reference

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ORIENT IV 2012: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PD Dr. Elham Manea
Saudi Arabia, the Arab Spring and the Regional Context

Dr. Saud Mousaed Al Tamamy
Hegemonic or Defensive? Patterns of Saudi Foreign Policy in the Era of the Arab Spring

Menno Preuschaft
The Arab Uprisings in Saudi Discourse – Intellectual and Religious Perspectives from the Kingdom

Professor Mark N. Katz
The Impact of the Arab Spring on Saudi-Russian Relations

Dr. Mark C. Thompson
Saudi Youth: Challenges for the Future

Christoph Wilcke
Women in Saudi Arabia

Dr. Mariwan Kanie
Civil Society, Language and the Authoritarian Context: The Case of Saudi Arabia

Nora Derbal
Private Charity for Public Welfare? The Renaissance of Benevolent Engagement in Saudi Arabia against the Background of an Overburdened Welfare State

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ORIENT III 2012: Syria

Professor Raymond Hinnebusch
Syria’s Geopolitics

Dr. Carsten Wieland
A Decade of Lost Chances – Syria under Bashar al-Asad

Professor David W. Lesch
The World According to Bashar al-Asad

Dr. Nikolaos van Dam
How to Solve or Not to Solve the Syrian Crisis?

Dr. Jubin M. Goodarzi
Syria and Iran: Alliance Politics in a Changing Regional Environment

Dr. Hans Krech
Al Qaeda in the Levant and the Civil War in Syria

Dr. Ergin Günes
Does Turkey turn the Arab Spring into the Israeli Summer?

Dr. Özden Zeynep Oktav
The Impact of Syrian Uprising on Turkey-Syria Relations

Dr. Samer N. Abboud
Fragmentation in the Syrian Opposition

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