The Journal for politics, economics, and culture of the Middle East published by the German Orient-Institute





Orient II 2023: Changing international relations of the GCC states

Heinrich Kreft
China and the GCC: A developing strategic partnership

Mordechai Chaziza
Relationship between China and the GCC states: Natural partners or uneasy bedfellows?

Dario Cristiani
The “new” GCC: Strategic autonomy, organisational cacophony

Alexis Montambault-Trudelle
Money trees in the Gulf: The power of sovereign wealth funds in shifting GCC international politics

Christopher Davidson
Saudi Arabia’s changing international profile: The role of sovereign wealth

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
Qatar’s changing international relations

Jonathan Ghariani
From tacit cooperation to formal strategic partnership: The Abraham Accords

Gianluca Pastori
The Abraham Accords: A somewhat contradictory work in progress?

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Orient I 2023: Climate change and climate action in MENA

Vakur Sümer and Ayşegül Kibaroğlu
Water management as a tool for conflict prevention: The case of the MENA region

Quentin Wodon
Education to climate change: A missing ingredient in climate action plans for MENA countries?

Martin Paul Jr. Tabe-Ojong
Climate-smart agriculture and food security in MENA

Manfred A. Lange
Climate change, heat waves and their consequences in the MENA region

Farah Al Qawasmi
Climate change impact and action: Qatar at the forefront

Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat and Diwangkara Bagus Nugraha
Indonesia-GCC cooperation in climate action: Progress and ways forward

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Orient IV 2022: Global geopolitics echoing into the MENA region

Robert Springborg
Global systems and the MENA region:
Weakening actors, weakening systems

Gawdat Bahgat
Global power competition and the geopolitics of energy

Martin Keulertz
G7, food security and MENA

Matteo Moretti
The EU Gulf strategy and the Strategic Compass:
Europe’s gamble for a security role in a multipolar Gulf

Eleonora Ardemagni
NATO’s 2022 Strategic Concept reconsiders the MENAand southern partners

Nematullah Bizhan
Afghanistan: A tragic fall, consequences and prospects

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Orient III 2022: Intraregional geopolitics

Natalie Koch
Sports sponsorship and Gulf geopolitics

Anna Reuß
Evolving intraregional security perceptions in the UAE

Hamdy A. Hassan
Stalled cooperation and the destabilisation of the Maghreb

Fatiha Dazi-Héni
Geopolitical shift in the Gulf after the Abraham Accords

Christopher M. Davidson
Intra-GCC state relations: Re-assessing the balance of power

James M. Dorsey
Sitting in glass houses: Double standards haunt US and Europe in dispute with Turkey

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Orient II 2022: Germany’s role in the MENA region: Between continuity and change

Katharina Konarek
German democracy promotion: The German political foundations in the MENA region

Larbi Sadiki and Layla Saleh
Re-visioning Germany’s democracy promotion in the Arab World

Benjamin Schuetze
Why “democracy promotion” should play no role in a values-based German foreign policy in the MENA region

Elena Dück
German-Turkish cultural and educational relations after the German elections: A new golden era?

Robert Mason
Germany-GCC relations: Continuities, priorities and Atlanticism

Amal El Ouassif
Moroccan-German bilateral cooperation: Historical roots and future perspectives

Omar Shaban
Towards a more active role for Germany in Palestine

Nadia Naccache
The impact of civil society on building democracy and promoting liberalism in Tunisia

Alexander Niedermeier
A nuanced look and equal footing – Expectations towards the new German government: A view from Cairo

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Orient I 2022: Afghanistan

Emrah Özdemir
Foreign aid in Afghanistan as an international security and foreign policy tool

S. Asef Hossaini
Local governance in Afghanistan: A solution to a failed state?

Katja Mielke
Looking beyond stereotypes: A critical reflection of popular narratives about the Taliban movement

Anchita Borthakur
The Taliban’s interim administration: The rise of the Haqqani Network and its implications

Patrick A. Mello
German parliamentary debates and decision-making on Afghanistan

Alessandro Arduino
China’s anxiety over Afghanistan

Julian Tucker
A brief history of international influence in Afghanistan

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Orient IV 2021

Heinrich Kreft
Will China become the new dominant actor in the broader Middle East?

Yahia H. Zoubir
China’s foreign policy pragmatism and influence in Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

Radosław Fiedler
US-Egyptian relations after the Arab Spring

Roland Dannreuther
Russia and the Middle East: The quest for recognition

Chiara Lovotti
Russia in a post-American Middle East: The shaping of a new regional order

Ekaterina Stepanova
Russia’s regional balancing and interests in the Middle East: Benefits, risks and implications for Europe

Debasish Nandy
Revisiting India’s Middle East policy: Diplomacy, politics, strategy and business

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Orient III 2021

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
GCC states’ foreign policy and regional role

Mahjoob Zweiri and Thomas Bonnie James
The Al-Ula rapprochement: What is next?

Gawdat Bahgat
The 2017-2021 Gulf rift: Strategic implications and the way forward

Simon Mabon and Mustafa Menshawy
The blockade, Islamism and intra-sectarian tensions: Explaining Saudi-Qatari tensions

Christopher M. Davidson
Saudi Arabia’s new politics: Understanding rapprochement

Fatiha Dazi-Héni
Saudi Arabian regional policy

Anoushiravan Ehteshami, Benjamin Houghton and Mirdef Alqashouti
Iran’s role in Gulf politics

Cinzia Bianco and Tobias Borck
The perception of Iran in the foreign policy-making

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Orient II 2021

Joas Wagemakers
Making definitional sense of Islamism

Clara-Auguste Süß and Irene Weipert-Fenner
Socio-economic factors of radicalisation in Tunisia and Egypt: What we (don’t) know

Giulia Cimini and Claudia De Martino
Disentangling membership of Islamist parties in a post-ideological political arena: The PJD, Ennahda and Ra’am compared

Esen Kirdiş
The rise of Islamic political movements and parties

Mohammed-Ali Adraoui
Islam in Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy

Hanlie Booysen
The role of the moderate Islamist Muslim Brotherhood in a future Syria

Rayan Haddad
Hezbollah within and beyond Lebanon

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Orient I 2021

Francesco Cavatorta
Lessons from political transitions in the Arab world: A citizens’ perspective

Ragnar Weilandt
Tunisia is a beacon of hope, but things can still go terribly wrong

Zouhir Gabsi
Tunisian youth: Demands for dignity in the context of challenging socio-political and economic upheaval

Kirstie Lynn Dobbs
Civil society as revolutionary diplomats?: Foreign policy after the Arab Spring

Vincent Durac
Civil society, social mobilisation and the Arab Spring

Abdelmalek El Kadoussi, Bouziane Zaid and Mohammed Ibahrine
Traditional media, digital platforms and social protests in post-Arab Spring Morocco

James M. Dorsey
Middle East futures: Decade(s) of defiance and dissent

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Orient IV 2020

Stefan Lukas
The reconstruction of Syria: The winners share the loot

Jon D. Unruh
Reconstruction-induced land and property restitution in post-war Syria: The problem with sanctions

Isabel Bramsen
How did the Syrian uprising become militarised?

David Ribar and Ethan B. Kapstein
Explaining rebel behaviour during the Syrian Civil War

Kholoud Mansour
The myth of return

Erwin van Veen, Engin Yüksel and Haşim Tekineş
Waiting for blowback: The Kurdish question and Turkey’s new regional militarism

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Orient III 2020

Larbi Sadiki and Layla Saleh
Reflexive politics and Arab ‘risk society’? COVID-19 and issues of public health

Adam Hoffman
Fighting the first corona war: The securitisation of the coronavirus in the Middle East

Nassim El Achi
Strengthening health research: What are the insights from conflict-affected settings in the MENA region?

Luigi Narbone
The COVID-19 pandemic: One more challenge for Iran

Eleonora Ardemagni
War fighters, not health defenders: Yemen’s Houthis differ from Shia militias on COVID-19

Matthew Hedges
Power consolidation through turmoil: COVID-19 in the GCC

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