Indonesia-GCC cooperation in climate action: Progress and ways forward

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This article outlines the cooperation between Indonesia and the Guld states in mitigating climate change and is featured in Orient I/2023.

In recent decades, the relationship between Indonesia and the GCC countries havs made significant strides, including on the political, security, economic and socio-cultural fronts. Energy has been the bedrock of Indonesia-GCC economic engagements. While this has been dominated by fossil energy, they are increasingly moving towards renewable energy and mutual efforts to combat climate change. Even though the cooperation is still at an early stage, this paper aims to examine the development of climate cooperation between Indonesia and the GCC countries, with the objective of providing policy-oriented suggestions that the two sides can take to develop
their ties.

Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat is a research professor at the Korea Institute for AsEAN studies, Busan University of studies, and an assistant professor at Universitas Islam Indonesia. He is also affiliated with the Middle East Institute, National University of singapore. He received his B.A. in International Affairs from Qatar University, before completing M.A. and Ph.D from the University of Manchester, UK. His research focuses on China-Indonesia-Middle East relations.

Diwangkara Bagus Nugraha is a sustainable energy researcher focusing on southeast Asia. He is currently pursuing a master’s degree in sustainability Management at the University of Agder, Norway, and Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. Previously, he obtained his in Advanced Electrical Engineering from the University of Manchester, UK.

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